International Journal of Agriculture and Nutrition
2019, Vol. 1, Issue 2
Ethnoecological knowledge associated to wild medicinal plants in district lower Dir Khyber Pakhtun Khwa Pakistan
Shakir Ullah, Zakir Uallah, Javeed Iqbal, Fozia Abasi, Siraj Khan, Mohammad Sohail, Mohsin Ihsan
The present study is initiated to assess and document the existing ethnoecological knowledge of the indigenous people of District Lower Dir. For this purpose, 27 villages were choosen using purposive sampling methods based on the availability of main informants. Both purposively and randomly informants age ranged from 19 to 86 were chosen from among those born or have lived there. Quantitative and qualitative ethnobotanical methods were used to analyze the ethnological data. Significance test on the indigenous knowledge variation of the average number of reported medicinal plants were assessed. Result indicated that a total of 112 wild medicinal plants belonging to 53 families were recorded from the study sites. Moreover, the indigenous knowledge about the medicinality of the reported medicinal plants were found to be evenly known by all informants regardless of their gender, age, level of education, marital status, and experiences. On top of this, it was found that the District has important traditional ecological knowledge that has a substantial contribution for the conservation of the medicinal plants at wild. Therefore, we recommend the concerned body particularly the District Agricultural Organization to incorporate these local practices and perception to the scientific methods of conservation proposed by the Agricultural Organization for ensuring sustainable, integrated and long term management of wild medicinal plants in the study area. Moreover, active formal and/or informal local institutions shall be developed to sustain this traditional knowledge in the District.