Nusrat Habib, Muhammad Rizwan
The rainfed area of Pothwar region cover about one quarter of total cropped area of the Punjab. Farming in the area is characterized by a complex and diversified set of activities. Most farmers in the area were small farmers. Existing cropping system were wheat, pulses and gram. This study was conducted to find out economic benefit of lentil crop in the districts Chakwal of Pothwar region for the year 2018. Data was collected from 50 respondents. Cost and returns (gross revenues) of lentil producers were estimated. Farm budgeting technique for estimating cost, returns (gross margins) and cost benefit ratio in lentil production was applied. Three types of lentil varieties were compared namely Markaz-09 of NARC, Punjab masoor 2009 of AARI Faisalabad and desi masoor. The per acre yield of Markaz-09, masoor 2009 and desi masoor were 600, 350 and 230kgs respectively. Total cost of lentil production came to be for Markaz-09, masoor 2009 and desi masoor were 21950, 15650 and 9200 rupees per acre respectively. Operations like harvesting and threshing were major cost components in lentil production. The gross revenue from lentil production of Markaz-09, masoor 2009 and desi masoor were 90000, 52500 and 34500rupees per acre respectively and net revenue were 68050, 36850 and 25300 rupees per acre respectively for each variety. The cost benefit ratios were 3.10, 2.35 and 2.75 per acre respectively. Revenue per crop day of Markaz-09, masoor 2009 and desi masoor were 378, 204 and 140 rupees respectively, which clearly indicated that Markaz variety is more beneficial for farmers for improving their economic condition.
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