Rajeev Gupta and Dr. Manendra Kumar
The present study investigates the root borer pest (Cosmopolites sordidus) and its impact on banana cultivation in the Bihar region. The root borer pest is a significant threat to the banana industry worldwide, causing extensive economic losses. This research aims to analyze the cosmopolitan distribution of the root borer pest and explore its prevalence, damage potential, and management strategies in Bihar.
The findings, based on several research papers, surveys, and field visits, reveal that Cosmopolites sordidus is widely distributed in the Bihar region, affecting banana plantations of both small-scale and large-scale farmers. The pest infestation was observed to cause substantial damage to the roots, leading to stunted growth, reduced yield, and increased susceptibility to other diseases. Farmers reported limited awareness of effective management practices and faced difficulties in implementing control measures due to financial constraints and a lack of technical knowledge.
Based on the study results, integrated pest management (IPM) approaches were recommended for sustainable management of the root borer pest. These strategies include cultural practices, such as crop rotation and sanitation, biological control methods, and the judicious use of chemical pesticides.
The outcomes of this study contribute to our understanding of the root borer pest's cosmopolitan distribution in the Bihar region and its detrimental impact on banana cultivation. The proposed management strategies serve as valuable guidelines for banana farmers, agricultural extension services, and policymakers to mitigate the damage caused by Cosmopolites sordidus and ensure sustainable banana production in the region.
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