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International Journal of Agriculture and Nutrition

Vol. 5, Issue 2, Part A (2023)

Determinants of household dietary diversity score in food insecure areas of West Amhara region, Ethiopia

Author(s):

Birhanu Ayalew, Tewodros Tefera, Almaz Giziew and Amanuel Lulie

Abstract:

This study attempted to identify major determinants of farm households’ dietary diversity in Amhara region of Ethiopia using data collected from 300 households. The study indicated 26.8% of households were in the low dietary diversity score category while 66.9% were under the medium and 6.3% were in the high category. All the households reported consumption of cereals while 86% consumed pulses. A mean household dietary diversity score of 4.42 food items were computed for all categories. The ordered probit estimate indicated positive likelihood of dietary diversity score with household head education of above primary education, primary education of spouses, weekly contact with extension agents, tropical livestock unit and land size owned. A negative likelihood of dietary diversity score identified with family size and age of spouse. The marginal effects of the explanatory variables indicated 18.6% and 13.7% decrease in probability of falling under low dietary diversity score associated with higher education level of household head and spouse respectively. Weekly extension contacts provided 17.9% reduction in the probability of falling in low dietary diversity score category. Increase in family size and age of spouses associated with increase in the probability of falling in low dietary diversity score category. Increase in land size owned and tropical livestock unit have decreased probability of falling in low dietary diversity score and increased probability of falling in medium and high categories. Households with high food gap months consumed less diversified food than households with low food gap months so that dietary diversity is a promising indicator for food security for livelihood surveys with caution on difficulty of rural households to attain high dietary diversity due to supply side factors. Attention should be given on targeting whole family, increase in extension service, asset building and raising awareness on family planning to improve household dietary diversity.

Pages: 32-39  |  99 Views  35 Downloads

How to cite this article:
Birhanu Ayalew, Tewodros Tefera, Almaz Giziew and Amanuel Lulie. Determinants of household dietary diversity score in food insecure areas of West Amhara region, Ethiopia. Int. J. Agric. Nutr. 2023;5(2):32-39. DOI: 10.33545/26646064.2023.v5.i2a.128
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